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 History

Much later in hostory, Ashokan relics have been found in History of Jabalpur Jabalpur suggesting the existence of human civilization here dating back to 300 BC. In the 9th–10th centuries, Jabalpur was the capital of the famous Tripuri kingdom.

The Haihayas and Gonds.
In AD 875, it was taken over by the Kalachuri dynasty who made Jabalpur their capital. The Gonds seized it and made it their capital, in the 13th century. Inscriptions record the existence during the 11th and 12th centuries of a local line of princes of the Haihai people who are closely connected with the history of Gondwana.First painting ever made on Maharani Durgawati shown gearing-up for battle of Narrai. This fresco by Beohar Rammanohar Sinha is in Jabalpur's 'Shaheed-Smarak'. In the 16th century, the Gond raja of Garha-Mandla extended his power over fifty-two districts, including the present Jabalpur. During the minority of his grandson, Asaf Khan, the viceroy of Kara Manikpur, conquered the Garha principality and held it at first as an independent chief. Eventually he submitted to the Mughal emperor Akbar. The Gond Queen Rani Durgavati died fighting the Mughal forces led by Mughal Emperor Akbar.

The Marathas.
However, The Mughal Empire enjoyed little more than a nominal supremacy; and the princes of Garha-Mandla maintained a practical independence until their subjugation by the Maratha governors of Sagar in 1781. They called it 'Jabbalgarh'. In 1798 the Maratha Peshwa granted the Narmada valley to the Bhonsle princes of Nagpur, who continued to hold the district until the British occupied it in 1818 after defeating the Marathas. The British made 'Jabbalgarh' the commission headquarters of the Narmada territories and established a cantonment here.
The 'Coat of Arms' or 'Crest' of the Jagirdars of Jubbulpore.

The Transitions. Rajman-Rajeshri Beohar Raghuvir Simha, born 1877 died 1960, was the last Jagirdar of Juppulpore to whose ancestors the estates were granted in 1764 in perpetuity by descendants of Rani Durgavati for acts of nationalism, patriotism, bravery in the battlefield in wars against Muslim invaders. His ancestor Rajman-Rajeshri Beohar Adhar Simha was Rani Durgavati's Prime Minister and her army's Knight-Commander who attained martyrdom fighting Akbar's forces alongside her in the battle of Narrai. Due to a very strong hold amongst the masses, the hereditary title-prefix of "Beohar" and the Jagirdari were respected by the subsequent Bhoslas of Nagpur, the Peshwas of Saugor, and eventually the British who later became hostile due to the family's patriotism. In memory of Rajman-Rajeshri Beohar Raghuvir Simha, Civil Lines (North) is known as "Beohar Bagh" and the road between Collectorate and Adhartal is known as "Beohar Raghuvir Sinha Road". Historic 'Beohar Palace' where Mahatma Gandhi, Nehru, Patel, Azad and other national leaders stayed in 1933 and a session of Congress was held.

British Raj.
Under the British Raj, 'Jabbalgarh' became 'Jubbulpore' and was made the capital of the Saugor and Nerbudda Territories, which was part of the British North-Western Provinces. At that time it became infamous for the Thuggee murders but made more famous by the man who suppressed thugee, William Henry Sleeman, who was later appointed commissioner at Jabalpur. Very few know that the actions against the "Thugs" or "Phasigaars" were actually initiated by Rajman-Rajeshri Beohar Dariyav Simha, the then Jagirdar of Jubbulpore, who then handed over the task to W.H. Sleeman (then Major). For the noble cause of rehabilitation of thugs' families who were called "gurinds", the Beohar-family allowed their piece of land known as "Gurandi" in the heart of the town..

Dawn of Independence Movement 1857. Gadadhar Tiwari, on 16 June 1857, opened fire on his European superiors and sparked the Independence movement. His supreme sacrifice did not go waste as the movement caught momemtum in the region, albeit, was short lived. It broiled for more than four months during which the British were petrified, became extremely vulnerable and dreaded the worst. They ran out not only of support but also of supplies and were besieged in their own citadels. They survived only because a local banker/merchant came to their rescue which bought them time for reinforcements to arrive. The 1857 struggle was locally spearheaded by Gond Raja Shankar Sahi and his son Yuvraj Raghunath Sahi who were later arrested and detained in a jail which still exists near the DRM office. The movement culminated with the martyrdom of Raja Shankar Sahi and Yuvraj Raghunath Sahi from the mouth of a cannon on 18 September at the very spot where Lady Elgin Hospital now stands. Subsequently, their supporters and masterminds Jagat Singh Rajput, Beohar Aman Simha, Ganga Mishra, Sooraj Prasad and others went underground and never surfaced. Their estates and assets were confiscated.

End of 19th Century CE.
The Saugor and Nerbudda Territories became part of the new Central Provinces in 1861 which in 1903 became the Central Provinces and Berar. By the early 20th century CE, Jubbulpore became the headquarters of a brigade in the 5th division of the Southern Army.
Beohar Rajendra Sinha helping his guest Mahatma Gandhi on the staircase of Beohar Palace in Jabalpur in 1933 during Bapu's historic Harijan Yatra.

Gandhian Era.
Mahatma Gandhi's longest and most important stay in Jubbulpore was in 1933 at the "Beohar Palace" of Beohar Rajendra Simha. Bapu was accompanied by Jawaharlal Nehru, Vallabhbhai Patel, Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, Ravishankar Shukla, Dr Mukhtar Ahmed Ansari, Khurshed Nariman, Abul Kalam Azad, Jamnalal Bajaj, Dr Syed Mahmud, Mahadev Desai, and many others, and a meeting of AICC/CWC was held at the "Beohar Palace". Bapu's grandson Kanu (son of Ramdas Gandhi) also stayed with him at the "Beohar Palace" at Sathia Kua. Mahatma Gandhi's memorabilia of that occasion are still well preserved by descendents of the Beohar-family. Many freedom fighters voluntarily gave up comforts of life and family and plunged into Gandhiji's three-S (swadeshi, swaraj and satyagrah) movements and the freedom struggle at large. In the wake of India's independence and nation building, they happily and gracefully embraced the harshes of long jail-sentences. Such bravehearts from Jubbulpore included Ravishankar Shukla, Sunderlal Tapasvi, Beohar Rajendra Simha, Laxman Singh Chauhan, Seth Govind Das, Harihar Vyas, Maheshdatt Mishra, Deviprasad Shukla, Subhadra Kumari Chauhan, Hukumchand Narad, Makhanlal Chaturvedi, Balmukund Tripathi, Dwarka Prasad Mishra, Kunjilal Dubey, Narsinghdas Agrawal, Rameshwarprasad Guru, Bhawaniprasad Tiwari, Kashiprasad Pandey, Nathuram Vyas, Chidambaram Pillai, Sawaimal Jain, Satyendra Mishra, Sitaram Jadhav, Mulayamchand Jain and many-many more..
The Tripuri Congress session in 1939 was presided over by Subhash Chandra Bose. Jhanda Satyagraha was launched under Lokmanya Tilak's direction. A Congress session was held at 'Vishnudatt Shukla Nagar' at TilwaraGhat (near Jubbulpore) in 1939 when Subhash Chandra Bose was elected the Congress President against the wishes of Mahatma Gandhi. (L-to-R) LS Chauhan, RS Shukla, Beohar Rajendra Sinha immersing Mahatma Gandhi's ashes in Tilwara Ghat near Jabalpur.

Post Independence.M
After India's independence in 1947, Jubbulpore was spelt Jabalpur. Because of Bapu's strong linkages with Jabalpur and his very special love for it, his mortal remains were brought to the city after is martyrdom. After going through the entire city, the urn containing Mahatma Gandhi's ashes were immersed in holy river Narmada by Pt. R.S. Shukla, Beohar Rajendra Simha, Seth Govindas and others on 12 February 1948 in TilwaraGhat where a massive unprecedented condolence meeting was held. In 1950-51, the Central Provinces and Berar became the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh and Pandit Ravi Shankar Shukla became the first Chief Minister of a Congress led Government.


 Culture

The city had bloody Hindu-Muslim riots in the 1960s. Rule of Gond and Kalchuri-Maratha dynasties made Jabalpur a Hindu dominated area. Mughal rule brought in a sizable Muslim population. There has been a sharp decline in these riots owing to gradual, yet slow path to progress. The culture is dominantly related to agricultural population of the city and surrounding areas. The food and clothing change with the harvest of crops in every season, usually observed by Hindus. Jabalpur has a very cosmopolitan feel about it where you can find people of almost all major religions and castes in India. The city has Marwari, Bengali, Malyali, Tamil, Telugu, Kannadiga, Marathi, Punjabi, people in sizable ratios and there are people from other regions of India as well. The city has been a stage for many cultural inventions and many traditional rituals. The city has been peaceful since a long time after the 1960s and now is marching forward towards development in the spheres of infrastructure and industries.


 Festival

TARANG the annual culture festival of Jabalpur provides a platform for the convergence of culture around us. TARANG 10 focuses on inculcating and fostering culture interest among the students and promises to embody the true spirit of the youth and keeping with this tradition we are here again with a gamut of contests and exuberant contestants.


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